Also Called Acute Kidney Failure or Acute Renal Failure

Acute kidney injury occurs when your kidneys suddenly lose the ability to remove waste and balance your body’s fluids and electrolytes. The condition can be life-threatening and requires immediate treatment to obtain the best results.

Acute kidney injury is also called acute kidney failure or acute renal failure. It is caused by a variety of factors, including severe dehydration, kidney injury or trauma and certain disorders and infections.

Kidney Failure Symptoms, Diagnosis and Outlook

The symptoms of acute kidney injury include:

  • Decreased urine output
  • Breath odor and metallic taste in your mouth
  • Bruising easily
  • Decreased appetite
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swollen legs, ankles or feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea and vomiting

Diagnosis of acute kidney injury includes a physical examination and review of your medical history.

Testing may include:

  • Blood tests
  • Urinalysis
  • X-rays
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
  • Ultrasound

Acute kidney injury can be fatal if left unresolved. The condition is reversible with proper treatment, which can restore your kidneys’ ability to function correctly.

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Why Choose Penn State Health for Care

Comprehensive Care from Skilled Clinicians

The skilled clinicians at Penn State Health offer advanced treatments for acute kidney injury. If you have advanced kidney failure, our team provides a variety of care options, including dialysis and kidney transplant.

Our team of nephrologists, in collaboration with the Kidney Foundation of Central Pennsylvania, has received national recognition and research funding from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute for providing peer mentoring that actively engages you in your own care to help improve quality of life.

If you’re hospitalized, we offer acute dialysis services, including continuous renal replacement therapy and intermittent dialysis.

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