Inflammation in the Tendons of the Hand

Trigger finger occurs when you bend one of your fingers, and it gets locked or stuck in that position. If you are able to straighten the finger, you may hear a popping sensation which is not often not audible.

Trigger finger is caused by inflammation in the tendons in your hands. Performing repetitive, gripping motions with your fingers can increase your risk of this type of inflammation. You may have one or more fingers affected at the same time. An underlying cause if often not identified.

Symptoms, Diagnosis and Outlook

Symptoms of trigger finger include:

  • Fingers getting stuck in a bent or straight position
  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • Popping, clicking or snapping sounds or sensations when you move your finger
  • Stiffness
  • Tenderness

To diagnose trigger finger, your doctor will begin with a medical history, physical exam and questions about your symptoms. You usually do not need additional tests.

Treatment for trigger finger may include:

  • Injections
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Rest
  • Splints
  • Stretching exercises for the hands
  • Surgery

Avoiding activities that require repetitive hand motions can help. Sometimes rest and nonsurgical treatments can be enough to treat trigger finger. You may need surgery if you are unable to straighten the finger.

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