Tumors in the Bone or Soft Tissue

Tumors can form in the bone or soft tissue that connects and supports your musculoskeletal system. When these tumors are malignant, or cancerous, they are called sarcomas. Sarcomas in the musculoskeletal system are considered rare and can spread to the musculoskeletal system from other parts of the body (metastatic tumors). Benign (noncancerous) bone tumors can cause pain and sometimes even fractures, but do not spread.

The most common kinds of musculoskeletal tumors include:

  • Bone cyst
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Enchondroma
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • Fibrous dysplasia
  • Giant cell tumor
  • Lipoma
  • Liposarcoma
  • Leiomyosarcoma
  • Myxoma
  • Osteochondroma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Schwanomma
  • Spindle cell sarcoma

Symptoms, Diagnosis and Outlook

The symptoms of musculoskeletal tumors can vary and include:

  • Bone fracture
  • Bony mass
  • Pain in a limb
  • Soft tissue mass

Musculoskeletal tumors are rare and are often found because of an unrelated complaint. To diagnose the tumor, the experts at Penn State Health may use several types of imaging technology, including X-ray or a computed tomography (CT) scan. They may test a tissue sample for cancerous cells using image-guided biopsy.

Early diagnosis of a tumor is especially important if it is malignant. The earlier the cancer is found, the more treatment options that may available.

Experts in Care

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Why Choose Penn State Health for Care

Multidisciplinary Team Approach

The musculoskeletal oncology team combines the expertise of a multidisciplinary team for diagnosis, treatment and reconstruction of tumors affecting the musculoskeletal system of both children and adults. The team is composed of fellowship-trained subspecialists from orthopaedics, radiology, pathology, adult and pediatric oncology and radiation therapy.

Innovative Treatment Options

The team at Penn State Health uses many innovative treatment options, including limb-sparing procedures and soft tissue reconstruction. More than 150 surgical procedures for musculoskeletal tumors are performed each year at Penn State Health.

Support Groups

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Convenient Locations

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